Question: I have an IV antibiotic ordered and the pharmacy informed me that the drug is not available because of a national backorder, what does that mean? Answer: From time to time there are national shortages on medications mainly due to manufacturing issues. The FDA website explains drug shortages like this: When one company has a problem or discontinues manufacturing a drug, it is difficult for the remaining drug companies to increase production quickly and a shortage occurs. Hospital pharmacies have priority and are the first to receive medications after production and other pharmacies are placed on a waiting list. In nursing homes, communication is key to prevent adverse drug therapy or delay medical treatment. Upon admission to the nursing home it is important to review hospital records and the pharmacy can recommend alternative medications based on lab tests. (Culture & Sensitivity) to determine which antibiotics would be an acceptable. Share this link to educate your staff. Bookmark this FDA Website to check national shortages:
Question: Why do drug prices change without any warning, like the EpiPen increase of 400% overnight? Answer: Dramatic drug price increases can be devastating for patients when their insurance denies the drug and they can’t afford to pay out of pocket. The company that sells EpiPen has come under major scrutiny for their decision to jak up their prices, but they have a monopoly on the auto injector epinephrine dosage system. Since there is not other drug to compete they can set the price at $500 for a drug that cost about $1. Price increases can be a result of shortages, but it also can be a business strategy of pharmaceutical companies that acquire old drugs and promptly raise their prices to help their bottom line. Another example is Doxycycline, an antibiotic, that went form $20 a bottle to $1,849. Partner Care Pharmacy will alert our clients when drug prices soar without warning and offer an alternative therapy.
Question: Sliding Scale orders for insulin is time consuming and sometimes confusing. Is there a better way to prescribe insulin for elderly patients? Answer: According to recent guidelines published in February 2017 by the American Diabetes Association sliding-scales are NOT RECOMMENDED in long-term care. Diabetes affects up to 33% of patients in long-term care facilities The most commonly prescribed insulin therapy for patients in long-term care is sliding-scale insulin (SSI), the use of finger-stick blood glucose testing to assess the need for insulin administration based on current blood glucose levels. Its sole use for long-term treatment is specifically not recommended Recent updates to several published guidelines, including CMS, the Beers criteria, the American Medical Directors Association, and the American Diabetes Association regarding the use of SSI-only insulin regimens for elderly patients in long-term care all advise simplified treatment regimens and avoidance of “sliding-scale” regimens. Below is a summary of the recommendations: Hypoglycemia risk is the most important factor in determining glycemic goals due to the catastrophic consequences in this population. Simplified treatment regimens are preferred and better tolerated. Sole use of SSI should be avoided. Liberal diet plans have been associated with improvement in food and beverage intake in this population. To avoid dehydration and unintentional weight loss, restrictive therapeutic diets should be minimized. Physical activity and exercise are